Background Definitions

anti-anglo american philosophy

An “Anti-Anglo-American philosophy” refers to a set of beliefs or ideas that are critical or opposed to the cultural, economic, or political dominance of the United States and its Anglo-American heritage. This philosophy may be motivated by a variety of factors, such as resentment of American global power, opposition to Anglo-American cultural norms, or a desire for greater diversity and inclusivity in the international community.

One of the main criticisms of Anglo-American philosophy is that it promotes a narrow and hegemonic view of the world, based on Western values and cultural assumptions. Critics argue that this worldview often excludes or marginalizes other cultures and perspectives, and perpetuates inequality and oppression.

Opponents of Anglo-American philosophy may advocate for a greater emphasis on non-Western perspectives and cultural diversity in academic and political discourse. They may also call for the rejection of Anglo-American economic and political systems, such as capitalism and liberal democracy, in favor of alternative models.

It is important to note that not all critiques of Anglo-American philosophy are necessarily anti-American or anti-Western. Many scholars and activists seek to engage in constructive dialogue and collaboration across cultural and ideological boundaries, in order to promote greater understanding and cooperation among nations and peoples.

cameralism

“Cameralism” (or “Kameralism” in German) was an economic and administrative doctrine that emerged in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries and became popular in the 18th century. It was primarily concerned with the management and organization of the state and aimed to improve the economic and social conditions of the time.

Cameralism emphasized the importance of the state’s role in promoting economic growth and welfare. It advocated for policies that would increase trade, promote agriculture, and encourage the development of industries. At the same time, it recognized the need for the state to provide social services, such as education and healthcare, to its citizens.

The term “cameralism” is derived from the Latin word “camera”, which means “chamber” or “treasury”. Cameralism was originally concerned with the management of state finances and resources, and its early proponents were often employed as treasury officials. However, over time, cameralism evolved into a broader theory of statecraft, encompassing a wide range of economic, social, and administrative policies.

Cameralism had a significant influence on the development of modern economics and public administration. It provided many of the foundational ideas that underpin modern welfare states and helped to shape the administrative structures and policies of many European countries.

cult

To those inside [a cult], it appears to be a structure of perfect logical integrity, founded on unassailable philosophical principles, while to those outside it seems to some degree nutty; to some other degree hysterical; and to some yet other degree a threat to liberty.